Transition Services

What Are Transition Services?

  • Transition Services are a coordinated set of activities for youth with disabilities that promotes movement from school to post-school activities including postsecondary education, vocational education, integrated employment (including supported employment), continuing and adult education, adult services, independent living, or community participation. Transition services are based on individual needs of the student taking into account the student's preferences and interests and includes instruction, related services, community experiences, development of employment, and other post-school living objectives and if appropriate, acquisition of daily living skills and functional vocational evaluation.

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Who Receives Transition Services?

  • A statement of the transition service needs that focuses on the student's course of study must be developed for each student with a disability beginning at age 14 (or younger if determined appropriate by the IEP team). Beginning at age 16, a statement of needed transition services including, if appropriate, a statement of the interagency responsibilities or any needed linkages must be included on the IEP.

What Can Transition Services Do To Help Youth With Disabilities?

How Are Transition Services Identified?

  • Identifying transition service needs begins with a conversation between the student, the student's parents, and school personnel about the student's career goals and interests. Needed services and supports are then determined to meet those career goals, interests, and preferences. These services and supports may include assessments, specialized instruction or training, community-based work experience, or on-the-job training.

Who Should Be Involved in Transition Planning?

  • The student, family, special educator, guidance counselor, vocational educator, vocational evaluator, therapists, adult agency service providers, and others that the family or school identify are possible members of the IEP transition planning team. Students must be invited to participate in transition planning. The transition services must be based on the student's needs, interests, and preferences.